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Grenada

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Background:
Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.



Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates:
12 07 N, 61 40 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 344 sq km
country comparison to the world: 206
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:
twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
121 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
Current Weather
tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain:
volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

Natural resources:
timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

Land use:
arable land: 5.88%
permanent crops: 29.41%
other: 64.71% (2005)

Irrigated land:
NA

Total renewable water resources:
NA

Natural hazards:
lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

Environment - current issues:
NA

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada



Population:
107,818 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.8% (male 14,293/female 13,562)
15-64 years: 65.4% (male 35,851/female 34,611)
65 years and over: 8.8% (male 4,281/female 5,220) (2010 est.)

Median age:
total: 28.2 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 28.2 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.563% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149

Birth rate:
17.2 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119

Death rate:
7.9 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110

Net migration rate:
-3.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152

Urbanization:
urban population: 31% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.097 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 11.76 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 144
male: 10.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 72.79 years
country comparison to the world: 120
male: 70.27 years
female: 75.55 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.21 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

Nationality:
noun: Grenadian(s)
adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic groups:
black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian

Religions:
Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%

Languages:
English (official), French patois

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: NA
female: NA (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2005)

Education expenditures:
5.2% of GDP (2003)
country comparison to the world: 60



Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Grenada

Government type:
parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Capital:
name: Saint George's
geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:
6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

Independence:
7 February 1974 (from the UK)

National holiday:
Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

Constitution:
19 December 1973

Legal system:
based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Carlyle Arnold GLEAN (since 27 November 2008)
head of government: Prime Minister Tillman THOMAS (since 9 July 2008)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
(For more information visit the World Leaders website )
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 members appointed by the government and 3 by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 8 July 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NDC 11, NNP 4

Judicial branch:
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of a court of Appeal and a High Court of Justice (two High Court judges are assigned to and reside in Grenada); Itinerant Court of Appeal three judges; member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)

Political parties and leaders:
Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Gloria Payne BANFIELD]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]; New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]

Political pressure groups and leaders:
Committee for Human Rights in Grenada or CHRG; New Jewel Movement Support Group; The British Grenada Friendship Society; The New Jewel 19 Committee

International organization participation:
ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, PetroCaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Gillian M.S. BRISTOL
chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561
FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468
consulate(s) general: New York

Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada
embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's
mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's
telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1177
FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820

Flag description:
a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars stand for the seven administrative divisions, with the central star denoting the capital, St. George; yellow represents the sun and the warmth of the people, green stands for vegetation and agriculture, and red symbolizes harmony, unity, and courage



Economy - overview:
Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is nearly 110%, leaving the THOMAS administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and an offshore financial industry, have also contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth will likely be stagnant in 2010 after a sizeable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$1.156 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 195
$1.204 billion (2008 est.)
$1.178 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$691 million (2009 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
-4% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179
2.2% (2008 est.)
4.9% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$10,800 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
$11,300 (2008 est.)
$11,100 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 5.4%
industry: 18%
services: 76.6% (2003)

Labor force:
42,300 (1996)
country comparison to the world: 192

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 24%
industry: 14%
services: 62% (1999 est.)

Unemployment rate:
12.5% (2000)
country comparison to the world: 134

Population below poverty line:
32% (2000)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Budget:
revenues: $85.8 million
expenditures: $102.1 million (1997)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.7% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119

Central bank discount rate:
6.5% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 66
6.5% (31 December 2007)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:
9.53% (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 95
9.76% (31 December 2007)

Stock of money:
$141.4 million (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 151
$151.2 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of quasi money:
$578.1 million (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 133
$533.4 million (31 December 2007)

Stock of domestic credit:
$658 million (31 December 2008)
country comparison to the world: 120
$575.8 million (31 December 2007)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Agriculture - products:
bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables

Industries:
food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction

Electricity - production:
178.7 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179

Electricity - consumption:
155.7 million kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 192

Oil - consumption:
3,000 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 182

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154

Oil - imports:
1,923 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 177

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172

Current account balance:
-$138 million (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79

Exports:
$38 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 201

Exports - commodities:
bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace

Exports - partners:
Saint Lucia 19.73%, Antigua and Barbuda 13.41%, US 12.21%, Saint Kitts and Nevis 12.03%, Dominica 12% (2009)

Imports:
$343 million (2006)
country comparison to the world: 190

Imports - commodities:
food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel

Imports - partners:
Trinidad and Tobago 39.76%, US 18.11% (2009)

Debt - external:
$347 million (2004)
country comparison to the world: 164

Exchange rates:
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)



Telephones - main lines in use:
28,600 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 180

Telephones - mobile cellular:
60,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 190

Telephone system:
general assessment: automatic, island-wide telephone system
domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 2, FM 12, shortwave 0 (2009)

Television broadcast stations:
2 (2009)

Internet country code:
.gd

Internet hosts:
42 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 211

Internet users:
24,000 (2008)
country comparison to the world: 185



Airports:
3 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 193

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2009)

Roadways:
total: 1,127 km
country comparison to the world: 182
paved: 687 km
unpaved: 440 km (2000)

Ports and terminals:
Saint George's



Military branches:
no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2010)

Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 27,453 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 22,487
females age 16-49: 22,535 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 987
female: 1,026 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:
NA



Disputes - international:
none

Illicit drugs:
small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US

 

Information from the CIA's "The World Fact Book" 2010

 

 

 

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