The Gay and Lesbian Travel Center

 

 

Custom Search

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puerto Rico

Click to enlarge

View Road and Street Map

 

Flag   Weather   Accommodations

 

View Road and Street Map

 

 

 


Background:
Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status.



Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates:
18 15 N, 66 30 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 13,790 sq km
country comparison to the world: 162
land: 8,870 sq km
water: 4,921 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
501 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
Current Weather
tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:
mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,339 m

Natural resources:
some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil

Land use:
arable land: 3.69%
permanent crops: 5.59%
other: 90.72% (2005)

Irrigated land:
400 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; hurricanes

Environment - current issues:
erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages

Geography - note:
important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north



Population:
3,977,663 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128

Age structure:
0-14 years: 19.4% (male 393,582/female 376,652)
15-64 years: 66.1% (male 1,266,086/female 1,364,918)
65 years and over: 14.5% (male 247,842/female 328,583) (2010 est.)

Median age:
total: 36.7 years
male: 34.9 years
female: 38.4 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.279% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171

Birth rate:
11.65 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168

Death rate:
7.96 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109

Net migration rate:
-0.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117

Urbanization:
urban population: 98% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 8.22 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 163
male: 9.09 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.57 years
country comparison to the world: 44
male: 74.91 years
female: 82.41 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.65 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 175

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
7,397 (1997)
country comparison to the world: 115

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA

Nationality:
noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican

Ethnic groups:
white (mostly Spanish origin) 76.2%, black 6.9%, Asian 0.3%, Amerindian 0.2%, mixed 4.4%, other 12% (2007)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%

Languages:
Spanish, English

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.1%
male: 93.9%
female: 94.4% (2002 est.)

Education expenditures:
NA



Country name:
conventional long form: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
conventional short form: Puerto Rico

Dependency status:
unincorporated, organized territory of the US with commonwealth status; policy relations between Puerto Rico and the US conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President

Government type:
commonwealth

Capital:
name: San Juan
geographic coordinates: 18 28 N, 66 07 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 78 municipalities (municipios, singular - municipio) at the second order; Adjuntas, Aguada, Aguadilla, Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Anasco, Arecibo, Arroyo, Barceloneta, Barranquitas, Bayamon, Cabo Rojo, Caguas, Camuy, Canovanas, Carolina, Catano, Cayey, Ceiba, Ciales, Cidra, Coamo, Comerio, Corozal, Culebra, Dorado, Fajardo, Florida, Guanica, Guayama, Guayanilla, Guaynabo, Gurabo, Hatillo, Hormigueros, Humacao, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Lares, Las Marias, Las Piedras, Loiza, Luquillo, Manati, Maricao, Maunabo, Mayaguez, Moca, Morovis, Naguabo, Naranjito, Orocovis, Patillas, Penuelas, Ponce, Quebradillas, Rincon, Rio Grande, Sabana Grande, Salinas, San German, San Juan, San Lorenzo, San Sebastian, Santa Isabel, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Trujillo Alto, Utuado, Vega Alta, Vega Baja, Vieques, Villalba, Yabucoa, Yauco

Independence:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)

National holiday:
US Independence Day, 4 July (1776); Puerto Rico Constitution Day, 25 July (1952)

Constitution:
ratified 3 March 1952; approved by US Congress 3 July 1952; effective 25 July 1952

Legal system:
based on Spanish civil code and within the US Federal system of justice

Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal; island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
head of government: Governor Luis FORTUNO (since 2 January 2009)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor with the consent of the legislature
(For more information visit the World Leaders website )
elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as Puerto Rico, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican party presidential primary elections; governor elected by popular vote for a four-year term (no term limits); election last held on 4 November 2008 (next to be held in November 2012)
election results: Luis FORTUNO elected governor with 52.8% of the vote

Legislative branch:
bicameral Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (at least 27 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (51 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held on 4 November 2008 (next to be held in November 2012); House of Representatives - last held on 4 November 2008 (next to be held in November 2012)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PNP 81.5%, PPD 18.5%; seats by party - PNP 22, PPD 5; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PNP 72.5%, PPD 27.5%; seats by party - PNP 37, PPD 14
note: Puerto Rico elects, by popular vote, a resident commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting representative in the US House of Representatives; aside from not voting on the House floor, he enjoys all the rights of a member of Congress; elections last held 4 November 2008 (next to be held in November 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNP 1

Judicial branch:
Supreme Court; Appellate Court; Court of First Instance composed of two sections: a Superior Court and a Municipal Court (justices for all these courts appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate)

Political parties and leaders:
National Democratic Party [Roberto PRATS]; National Republican Party of Puerto Rico [Dr. Tiody FERRE]; New Progressive Party or PNP [Pedro ROSSELLO] (pro-US statehood); Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA] (pro-commonwealth); Puerto Rican Independence Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez] (pro-independence)

Political pressure groups and leaders:
Boricua Popular Army or EPB (a revolutionary group also known as Los Macheteros); note - the following radical groups are considered dormant by Federal law enforcement: Armed Forces for National Liberation or FALN, Armed Forces of Popular Resistance, Volunteers of the Puerto Rican Revolution

International organization participation:
Caricom (observer), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ITUC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WFTU

Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)

Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)

Flag description:
five equal horizontal bands of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large, white, five-pointed star in the center; the white star symbolizes Puerto Rico; the three sides of the triangle signify the executive, legislative and judicial parts of the government; blue stands for the sky and the coastal waters; red symbolizes the blood shed by warriors, while white represents liberty, victory, and peace
note: design initially influenced by the US flag, but similar to the Cuban flag, with the colors of the bands and triangle reversed



Economy - overview:
Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region. A diverse industrial sector has far surpassed agriculture as the primary locus of economic activity and income. Encouraged by duty-free access to the US and by tax incentives, US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income in the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income with estimated arrivals of more than 3.6 million tourists in 2008. Growth fell off in 2001-03, largely due to the slowdown in the US economy, recovered in 2004-05, but declined again in 2006-09.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$68.14 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
$70.91 billion (2008 est.)
$72.72 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):
$87.79 billion (2009 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
-3.9% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 175
-2.5% (2008 est.)
-2% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$17,200 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
$17,900 (2008 est.)
$18,500 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 1%
industry: 45%
services: 54% (2005 est.)

Labor force:
1.479 million (2007)
country comparison to the world: 132

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 19%
services: 79% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate:
12% (2002)
country comparison to the world: 132

Population below poverty line:
NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Budget:
revenues: $6.7 billion
expenditures: $9.6 billion (FY99/00)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
6.5% (2003 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA

Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens

Industries:
pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism

Industrial production growth rate:
NA%

Electricity - production:
23.72 billion kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67

Electricity - consumption:
22.06 billion kWh (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 66

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2008 est.)

Oil - production:
1,783 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103

Oil - consumption:
164,100 bbl/day (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63

Oil - exports:
16,520 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94

Oil - imports:
225,000 bbl/day (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141

Natural gas - consumption:
806.6 million cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140

Natural gas - imports:
806.6 million cu m (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56

Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143

Exports:
$46.9 billion (2001)
country comparison to the world: 47

Exports - commodities:
chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment

Imports:
$29.1 billion c.i.f. (2001)
country comparison to the world: 57

Imports - commodities:
chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products

Debt - external:
$NA

Exchange rates:
the US dollar is used



Telephones - main lines in use:
1.038 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 78

Telephones - mobile cellular:
3.354 million (2005)
country comparison to the world: 104

Telephone system:
general assessment: modern system integrated with that of the US by high-capacity submarine cable and Intelsat with high-speed data capability
domestic: digital telephone system; mobile-cellular services
international: country code - 1-787, 939; submarine cables provide connectivity to the US, Caribbean, Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 74, FM 53, shortwave 0 (2008)

Television broadcast stations:
34 (2008)

Internet country code:
.pr

Internet hosts:
700 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 167

Internet users:
1 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 88



Airports:
29 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 117

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 17
over 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 5 (2009)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 10 (2009)

Roadways:
total: 26,186 km
country comparison to the world: 102
paved: 24,877 km (includes 427 km of expressways)
unpaved: 1,309 km (2007)

Merchant marine:
total: 3
country comparison to the world: 141
by type: roll on/roll off 3
foreign-owned: 3 (US 3)
registered in other countries: 1 (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1) (2008)

Ports and terminals:
Guayanilla, Mayaguez, San Juan



Military branches:
no regular indigenous military forces; paramilitary National Guard, Police Force

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 704,833
females age 16-49: 788,234 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 30,616
female: 29,196 (2010 est.)

Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of the US



Disputes - international:
increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage to Puerto Rico each year looking for work

 

Information from the CIA's "The World Fact Book" 2010

 

 

 

2017 Gay Calendars

 

 

Gay DVD Bestsellers

 

 

Home   Hotels   Travel Insurance   Links   Add URL   Link To Us   Advertise   Site Map   Privacy Policy   Disclaimer   Contact Us

 

Lodging Operators - Add Your Hotel Listing     Travel Operators - Add Your Tours & Packages

 

Gay Journey, PO Box 573, McKinney, Texas 75070

 

Last Updated: 08/31/10

 

Copyright  2002-2016 Gay Journey / American Dimensions - All rights reserved